The answers is, it depends. It depends on your marital status and household income. If you are a single person receiving disability benefits exclusively, you don't necessarily have to file taxes. It is unlikely you have reached the threshold, which is $25,000. However, some years there are stimulus packages and other tax benefits available for people who file taxes so it might be in your best interest to file taxes. If you receive disability benefits and work part-time, you might have to file taxes. Generally, if your income is more than $25,000 you need to file and pay taxes. You won't have to pay taxes on all of the disability payment you have received, but you will pay on a portion of what you have received.